Yayati Kadambari In Marathi Pdf Free 16: A Review of the Classic Novel by V.S. Khandekar
Yayati Kadambari In Marathi Pdf Free 16 is a novel by V.S. Khandekar, one of the most renowned Marathi writers of the 20th century. The novel is based on a mythological story from the Mahabharata, about the life and deeds of King Yayati, who was cursed with old age by his father-in-law Shukracharya, and exchanged his old age with his son Puru for a thousand years. The novel explores the themes of desire, love, sacrifice, morality, and spirituality through the complex relationships between Yayati and his two wives Devayani and Sharmishtha, and his five sons Yadu, Turvasu, Druhyu, Anu, and Puru.
The novel was first published in 1959 and won the prestigious Jnanpith Award in 1974. It is considered as one of the masterpieces of Marathi literature and has been translated into several languages. The novel has also been adapted into a play, a film, and a television series.
In this article, we will review the novel and its main characters, plot, themes, and style. We will also provide a link to download the novel in Marathi pdf format for free.
Yayati: The protagonist of the novel. He is the son of King Nahusha and Queen Ashokasundari. He is a brave, generous, and ambitious king who conquers many lands and expands his kingdom. He is also a passionate lover who marries Devayani, the daughter of Shukracharya, the guru of the asuras (demons), and Sharmishtha, the daughter of Vrishaparva, the king of the asuras. He is cursed with old age by Shukracharya for disobeying him and cheating on Devayani with Sharmishtha. He exchanges his old age with his youngest son Puru for a thousand years to enjoy his youth again. He eventually realizes the futility of his desires and renounces his kingdom and pleasures to seek liberation.
Devayani: The first wife of Yayati. She is the daughter of Shukracharya and Jayanti, the daughter of Indra, the king of the gods. She is beautiful, intelligent, proud, and arrogant. She falls in love with Kacha, the son of Brihaspati, the guru of the gods, who comes to learn from her father. However, Kacha rejects her love and returns to heaven after learning the secret of reviving the dead. Devayani then marries Yayati with her father's consent and bears him two sons: Yadu and Turvasu. She is jealous of Sharmishtha and curses Yayati with old age when she discovers his affair with her.
Sharmishtha: The second wife of Yayati. She is the daughter of Vrishaparva, the king of the asuras. She is humble, loyal, devoted, and compassionate. She becomes friends with Devayani when they study together under Shukracharya. However, due to a misunderstanding, Devayani insults her and throws her into a well. Yayati rescues her from the well and falls in love with her. He secretly marries her with her father's permission and bears him three sons: Druhyu, Anu, and Puru. She suffers from Devayani's wrath and Yayati's neglect but remains faithful to him till the end.
Puru: The youngest son of Yayati and Sharmishtha. He is noble, virtuous, selfless, and obedient. He agrees to exchange his youth with his father for a thousand years out of respect and gratitude. He rules over his father's kingdom in his absence and becomes a great king. He is also the ancestor of the Pandavas and Kauravas in the Mahabharata.